# iCub Foward Kinematics - Fingers

## Left

This page provides the forward kinematics of the thumb, the index and the middle fingers of the left hand. It describes how to construct all the finger matrices T_RoLt (thumb), T_RoLi (index) and T_RoLm (middle). Each matrix is constructed in two steps i.e. T_RoLfin = T_Ro0fin * T_0nfin (where fin is t for the thumb, i for the index and m for the middle). The first matrix T_Ro0 describes the rigid roto-translation from the end effector reference frame (described in ICubFowardKinematics) to points in the 0th reference frame as defined by the Denavit-Hartenberg convention. The second matrix T_0n corresponds to the Denavit-Hartenberg description of the forward kinematic, i.e. the roto-translation from the 0th reference frame to the nth reference frame being n the number of degrees of freedom.

The matrix T_0n is itself the composition of n matrices as defined by the DH convention: T_0n = T_01 T_12 ... T_(n-1)n.

The frames are oriented as in the Figure. The '''x''' axis is in '''red'''. The '''y''' axis is in '''green'''. The '''z''' axis is in blue. ### THUMB

Here is the matrix T_Ro0t for the thumb version a (lengths are in mm):

0.121132 0.043736 0.991672 -25.391770
-0.958978 0.263104 0.105535 -11.783901
0.256297 -0.963776 0.073812 1.7018
0 0 0 1

Here is the matrix T_Ro0t for the thumb version b (lengths are in mm):

0.478469 0.063689 0.875792 -24.029759
-0.878095 0.039246 0.476873 -11.93433
0.004 -0.997198 0.074703 1.68926
0 0 0 1

Here is the table of the actual DH parameters for thumb.

Link i / H – D Ai (mm) di (mm) alpha i (rad) theta_i (deg)
i = 0 0 0 pi/2 10 -> 90
i = 1 21.0 -5.6 0 0 (dummy link)
i = 2 26.0 0 0 0 -> 90
i = 3 22.0 0 0 0 -> 90
i = 4 16.8 0 -pi/2 0 -> 90

### INDEX

Here is the matrix T_Ro0i for the index (lengths are in mm):

0.898138 0.439714 0.0 2.45549
-0.43804 0.89472 -0.087156 -25.320433
-0.038324 0.078278 0.996195 10.973325
0 0 0 1

Here is the table of the actual DH parameters for index.

Link i / H – D Ai (mm) di (mm) alpha i (rad) theta_i (deg)
i = 0 14.8 0 -pi/2 0 -> 20
i = 1 25.9 0 0 0 -> 90
i = 2 22.0 0 0 0 -> 90
i = 3 16.8 0 -pi/2 0 -> 90

### MIDDLE

Here is the matrix T_Ro0m for the middle (lengths are in mm):

1.0 0.0 0.0 17.8
0.0 0.0 1.0 -8.30233
0.0 -1.0 0.0 11.8
0 0 0 1

Here is the table of the actual DH parameters for middle.

Link i / H – D Ai (mm) di (mm) alpha i (rad) theta_i (deg)
i = 0 28.5 0 0 0 -> 90
i = 1 24.0 0 0 0 -> 90
i = 2 16.8 0 -pi/2 0 -> 90

This page provides the forward kinematics of the thumb, the index and the middle fingers of the right hand. It describes how to construct all the finger matrices T_RoRt (thumb), T_RoRi (index) and T_RoRm (middle). Each matrix is constructed in two steps i.e. T_RoRfin = T_Ro0fin * T_0nfin (where fin is t for the thumb, i for the index and m for the middle). The first matrix T_Ro0 describes the rigid roto-translation from the end effector reference frame (described in ICubFowardKinematics) to points in the 0th reference frame as defined by the Denavit-Hartenberg convention. The second matrix T_0n corresponds to the Denavit-Hartenberg description of the forward kinematic, i.e. the roto-translation from the 0th reference frame to the nth reference frame being n the number of degrees of freedom.

The matrix T_0n is itself the composition of n matrices as defined by the DH convention: T_0n = T_01 T_12 ... T_(n-1)n.

The frames are oriented as in the Figure. The '''x''' axis is in '''red'''. The '''y''' axis is in '''green'''. The '''z''' axis is in blue. . ### THUMB

Here is the matrix T_Ro0t for the thumb version a (lengths are in mm):

0.121132 0.043736 -0.991672 -25.391770
-0.958978 0.263104 -0.105535 -11.783901
0.256297 0.963776 0.073812 -1.7018
0 0 0 1

Here is the matrix T_Ro0t for the thumb version b (lengths are in mm):

0.478469 0.063689 -0.875792 -24.029759
-0.878095 0.039246 -0.476873 -11.93433
0.004 0.997198 0.074703 -1.68926
0 0 0 1

Here is the table of the actual DH parameters for thumb.

Link i / H – D Ai (mm) di (mm) alpha i (rad) theta_i (deg)
i = 0 0 0 -pi/2 10 -> 90
i = 1 21.0 5.6 0 0 (dummy link)
i = 2 26.0 0 0 0 -> 90
i = 3 22.0 0 0 0 -> 90
i = 4 16.8 0 -pi/2 0 -> 90

### INDEX

Here is the matrix T_Ro0i for the index (lengths are in mm):

0.898138 0.439714 0.0 2.45549
-0.43804 0.89472 0.087156 -25.320433
0.038324 -0.078278 0.996195 -10.973325
0 0 0 1

Here is the table of the actual DH parameters for index.

Link i / H – D Ai (mm) di (mm) alpha i (rad) theta_i (deg)
i = 0 14.8 0 pi/2 0 -> 20
i = 1 25.9 0 0 0 -> 90
i = 2 22.0 0 0 0 -> 90
i = 3 16.8 0 -pi/2 0 -> 90

### MIDDLE

Here is the matrix T_Ro0m for the middle (lengths are in mm):

1.0 0.0 0.0 17.8
0.0 0.0 -1.0 -8.30233
0.0 1.0 0.0 -11.8
0 0 0 1

Here is the table of the actual DH parameters for middle.

Link i / H – D Ai (mm) di (mm) alpha i (rad) theta_i (deg)
i = 0 28.5 0 0 0 -> 90
i = 1 24.0 0 0 0 -> 90
i = 2 16.8 0 -pi/2 0 -> 90